Wednesday, 28 November 2018

Energize Your Mind and Body

Dehydration is a condition in which a person's body doesn't receive enough fluids and water. States of dehydration range from mild to very severe. The latter is extremely dangerous. That's why it's important to know the symptoms of dehydration. You may realize you yourself are dehydrated, or recognize these symptoms in someone else. You can then take the necessary steps to get properly hydrated. Let's take a closer look at dehydration symptoms.

Symptoms of Mild Dehydration

The many symptoms of dehydration depend upon the severity. If it's a mild case you may notice increased thirst. This is often associated with a dry and slightly parched mouth. You might begin to experience headaches and dizziness, as well as a general feeling of tiredness. Your urine can also be affected by dehydration. The amount will be decreased and it will be a darker yellow. That means you haven't taken in enough fluids. the latter of which indicates that you simply haven't had enough hydration in quite some time. These symptoms are typically exacerbated if you're working out or playing a sport. They will also worsen over time if you don't take steps to address the issue, eventually worsening to become severe dehydration.

Symptoms of Severe Dehydration

Once severe dehydration sets in, there are a wide range of new symptoms that may begin to occur. Do not wait for them to occur. They require immediate medical attention. If you stop urinating altogether, or have only a very small output of urine when attempting to urinate, then your dehydration is likely to be severe. Any urine will be an extremely dark yellow, or even an amber color. You could develop a fever, often accompanied by chills. A fever can be very dangerous when secondary to dehydration. Severe dizziness could occur, even to the point of preventing you from standing up or moving around. A rapid heart rate that occurs at rest, and when doing nothing strenuous points to severe dehydration.

Your blood pressure might also begin to drop at moments when you stand up after lying down for a period of time. Though it can be difficult to notice this symptom, your skin may begin to lose some of its elasticity. In this event the skin takes quite some time to return to normal after being pinched. The most serious symptoms of severe dehydration include shock, seizures, lethargy and confusion, and coma at its worst. If you notice any of these symptoms, in yourself or someone else, regard it as an emergency. Get help. Head to a hospital right away.

According to a recent study, published in Stem Cell Reports on April 6, a new set of improved tools are here to advance stem cell researches. The study was led by Dr. Kelly Frazer, the professor of pediatrics and director of the Institute for Genomic Medicine at University of California San Diego School of Medicine. The team described the collection of "222 systematically derived and characterized iPSC lines generated as part of the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute's NextGen consortium."

The Stem Cell Reports is one of the four studies, published by four different teams of researchers. But Frazer is the common factor in all four as he is senior author for all of them. The fourth study concentrated on iPSCORE, whereas the other three studies utilized the iPSCORE resource in order to explore answers to different questions related to human genetics. Some of the studies also focused on developing new tools to analyze iPSC lines.

The study confirmed that the induced pluripotent stem cells or iPSCs are collected from human adult cells. These cells are able to be differentiated in order to transform into a variety of cell types. By using this attribute, the scientists will be able to use the tool for all critical medical trails; from analyzing molecular processes that cause diseases to genetic variants that lead to human phenotypes.
According to Kelly Frazer, the iPSC Collection for Omic Research or iPSCORE is a collection that will be capable to address various issues that are currently disturbing iPSCs use as a standard system to study human genetics.
He mentioned in the study, "The iPSCORE collection contains 75 lines from people of non-European ancestry, including East Asian, South Asian, African American, Mexican American, and Multiracial. It includes multigenerational families and monozygotic twins. This collection will enable us to study how genetic variation influences traits, both at a molecular and physiological level, in appropriate human cell types, such as heart muscle cells. It will help researchers investigate not only common but also rare, and even family-specific variations."

Frazer and his team utilized the entire genome sequencing and gene expression analyzing 215 human iPSC lines, derived from different donors. The idea was to identify genetic variants related to RNA expression for 5,746 genes. The study highlighted that iPSCs are valuable to analyze genetic association investigate gene expression genetic regulation in pluripotent stem cells (PSCs). The team also showed important analysis and insights into aberrant methylation patterns in iPSCs. The patterns are helpful to use these cells in various studies as well as to treat diseases.
Another important thing to note in the study is, Frazer and his team built a set of easy-to-use techniques to decrease the cost and at the same time increase the production of effective iPSC lines. In other words, the group of scientists has invented a less expensive technique to develop highly effective iPSC lines. So, the invention will not only help the doctors to detect the source of the disease effectively, but also will help the medical teams to opt for it.

People get hickeys on all sort of places but the real problem arises when the Hickey is such a place where it is visible. It might not be that big of a medical problem but it can certainly develop into one social problem. It may cause you a lot of embarrassment especially if you are a teenager or have cheated on your partner. And by my reckoning, a kiss mark on your neck certainly falls into that category. What prompted me to write this guide was the question How to Remove Kiss Marks from Neck? on Ask.com and a lot of people seemed to be worried. You need to remain calm and if you use your head right, it's actually not big of a problem. Without further talking, let's discuss what ways and methods can be used to easily get rid of the love bites.

Biologically speaking, a hickey on a neck is similar to a hickey on any other part of the body. So, all the conventional methods can be applied to get rid of love bites from the neck as well. If you want your hickeys to go away, you should try to hide them. Because no matter what, it would take time for it to be cured. It's like any other bruise, and bruises take the time to heal. Ice the hickey - If you got the hickey less than 12 hours ago, the recommended method to use is cold compress method. You have to ice the Hickey to get the redness away. You can do that by putting an ice-cube in the spoon and rubbing the back of the spoon around your Hickey first in the clockwise direction and then in the anticlockwise direction for 2 minutes. Read the complete guide on getting rid of a hickey you got less than 24 hours ago.

There are many of us nutrition professionals now aligning ourselves with Integrative Medicine. I consider myself in this group. Maybe you are asking yourself what exactly this is and most importantly, does it really matter?

To answer that question, let's first address the area of conventional medicine. For some time now modern medicine has sought to treat the presenting symptoms. This might mean treating a fever or a cough, for example, or addressing pain or other discomforts. Sometimes this approach is entirely appropriate, however more often this approach misses the underlying cause and the person is never completely restored to health. Think of lingering health conditions such as acid reflux, chronic fatigue, and headaches, just to name a few. Drugs are often prescribed and the patient is sent on her way, but the symptoms persist if the drugs are discontinued.

Additionally, there is very little discussion with the patient as to how their condition came about. Unfortunately, and not the fault of our doctors, there is limited time available to spend with patients and so remedies must be delivered quickly. Without more in-depth dialogue there is little chance the practitioner even has the opportunity to see below the surface of what is really going on.

From a dietetic perspective, a conventional approach to diet intervention would be something like prescribing the same diet to everyone with the same disease. Everyone with heart disease would get guidance on the exact same heart healthy diet, for example, with no consideration given to their culture, preferences, cooking ability, or genetics. Similarly a person seeking to lose weight would be advised on the same general diet as another without consideration given to what they've tried in the past or an understanding of what foods work or don't work for them. These would be examples of conventional approaches.

Now let's flip to the functional side. Functional practitioners are looking less at masking symptoms and more at how the body is functioning as a whole. They are attempting to uncover where the body is malfunctioning and how can we restore it to its normal, healthy state. Symptoms are just clues to lead us towards the underlying cause.

In addition to symptomatic clues and obviously a physical exam, if appropriate, functional medicine practitioners are also looking in-depth at a person's unique health history to find more clues as to how and why the body is not functioning as it should. This means sitting down with someone for a significant length of time (often 45 min to an hour) and asking a series of pertinent questions to paint a picture of the person before them. What might seem off-topic to the patient is often valuable information to the practitioner, as random side notes about vacations, new pets, change of jobs, or significant loss can give further clues into a person's current state of health. These are topics rarely discussed in the conventional model.

Additionally, if necessary, laboratory tests can be conducted to give further insight into treatment options. These might include not only standard blood work but also food allergy tests, digestive stool testing, hormone testing, etc.

The goal then, after this information is obtained, is to determine how to best gently nudge the body back into an optimum state. Pharmaceutical options are a last resort as we know these only mask symptoms and leave the original condition unresolved. Potential nutrient deficiencies are often addressed, exercise recommendations may be made, and stress reduction techniques might be employed as well. Some may go further and prescribe other treatment modalities such as massage, acupuncture or chiropractic care to complement their recommendations. Once initiated these treatment plans often need time. Patients do not develop chronic health conditions in a day or even a week. Likewise these treatments need weeks if not month to restore the body to proper function and balance.

So how does this model work for the dietitian? Thankfully, we already have the immense fortune of being able to sit down with someone for a good hour or more to delve into health and diet history. This gives us a solid place to start when it comes to tailored diet advice. While we are not credentialed to prescribe or "treat" per say, this time allows us to get a full picture, both past and present, of what clients are dealing with; therefore we can devise and educate on an appropriate diet strategy. Often we suggest helpful supplements as well, especially where nutrient deficiencies are apparent. We can also advise on exercise and stress and provide additional referrals when needed.

While both modalities have their place, consider looking into functional medicine, especially if you have chronic conditions that the standard medical model is not effectively addressing. Remember, more medications is not necessarily the answer and in fact can lead to yet more symptoms that require more drugs. Believe me, I have clients in these predicaments and it's a slippery slope. So consider seeing a naturopath, a functional dietitian like myself or other holistic care providers for a more thorough look into your condition; or even consider it for another opinion. It just may be the nudge your body needs to finally heal and restore.

Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease or GERD is a chronic digestive disorder which occurs when the stomach content or acid flows back into the esophagus or food pipe. It affects the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) & results in heartburn or acid indigestion. It produces a harsh burning sensation which radiates through the chest, throat & neck. According to the doctors & surgeons of the best laparoscopic surgery hospitals, GERD may occur due to a hiatal hernia, excessive smoking, drinking alcohol, obesity & pregnancy as well. Most patients suffering from GERD can experience relief through changes in diet, lifestyle & eating habits. However, if the disease is severe & the hernia is strangulated then the patients may require a Laparoscopic Antireflux Surgery along with prescribed medications.

The Laparoscopic Antireflux Surgery is a minimally invasive surgical procedure which repairs the gastroesophageal reflux by creating mechanism valve at the bottom of the esophagus. The treatment results in the reduction of reflux or back flow of stomach acids into the esophagus. It also heals & prevents future damages to the lining of the esophagus. The patients will also be able to get rid of other health diseases including GERD from coming back.

Most surgeons & doctors of the best laparoscopic surgery hospitals prefer the laparoscopic surgery than an open or traditional surgery. This is because in an open surgery, large incisions are required to perform the operation & it takes a lot of time for the patient to recover. On the other hand, during a laparoscopic surgery, the patients are kept under general anesthesia & small incisions are made and the surgical instruments such as the laparoscope, a thin long tube with lights & camera attached to it are inserted through the incisions. The camera transmits images to the monitor which helps the surgeons to perform the entire operation. Due to small incisions, the scars appears to be almost invisible & the patients are not required to stay in the hospital for a long period of time.

The Laparoscopic Antireflux Surgery is one of the best & common surgical procedure for the treatment of the GERD disease. After the surgery, the patients should maintain a proper diet, follow doctor's medications & should include themselves in regular activities. However, a laparoscopic surgery may not be recommendable to the GERD patients who are suffering from certain health disorders including patients suffering from obesity, aged patients or the patients who cannot tolerate general anesthesia. Therefore, it is highly essential for every patient to consult with the doctors or surgeons of the best laparoscopic surgery hospitals before applying for the surgery.

Heel spurs are often mistaken for plantar fasciitis. Contrary to the name and common belief, heal spurs are not pointy or sharp pieces of bone, they do not cut the tissue with movement. What they are - deposits of calcium attached to the bone. They are smooth and flat just like any other bone. They just aren't intended to be there. Because the body views it as a semi-foreign object, inflammation can occur. This can lead to pain when walking or jogging.

Heel spurs can also cause pain when new fibrous tissues form around the bone spur in an attempt to act as a cushion for a high-stress area. As this tissue grows a callus can form. Between the callus, the extra tissue and the bone, it can take up space in shoes never intended during construction causing, even more, comfortability and pain. Tendons, ligaments, and nerves may also have less space causing them to function less supportively over time. All of this can lead to swelling and redness as well as a deep throbbing pain, or sharp pricking that is made worse with exercise. Plantar fasciitis (the most common form of heel pain) is located in the thick band of tissue which runs the length of the bottom of your foot. It will be the most painful first thing in the morning, with pain decreasing with movement throughout the day. This is not related to heel spurs.

Conventional treatment for heel spurs includes rest, stretching, icing and anti-inflammatory medications. If these do not work, a steroid injection may be recommended. In severe cases, the spur may be removed by surgical means. The fact is that nearly 90% of people do get better without the need for surgical intervention. Before visiting your orthopedist here are a few natural and non-invasive remedies to try. Chiropractic Consultation - Getting your body in alignment is vital to keeping as much unwarranted pressure off of the affected foot as possible. They may also suggest certain stretches or exercises as well as have customized in-shoe orthotics made for you (arch supports). Taping can also help in enabling walking while healing with less pain. Self-massage in the painful area in the morning when you wake up and at night before bed. A Class IV Laser may also be used to try and accelerate the healing process of tissues (hard and soft), muscles, ligaments and even bone.

Summer is upon us and many families indulge in lazy days by the pool or the beach during this time. However, if you've allowed your child to play outdoors without adequate sun protection, you've taken an enormous health risk. Andrea Cambio, MD, FAAD, a board-certified paediatric dermatologist says, "It only takes one severe sunburn to potentially double your child's chances of getting melanoma later in life. We really need to buckle down and protect our young." Do you remember your baby's silk smooth skin? When your child is outdoors, the ultra-violet rays of the sun can easily damage the skin leading to wrinkles and possibly cancer in future. Always keep in mind that there is no such thing as a healthy tan because tanning is a sign of sun damage. So quite naturally, the foremost question that may come to your mind is at what age is it right to start using sunscreen on your baby? Prior to 6 months, it is best to avoid sunscreen usage on your baby with exception to those particular products that contain only zinc oxide as the only active ingredient. Use only on the exposed parts of your baby's body. Additionally, use shaded clothing as the primary protection method. Regulate outdoor times by going out before 10am or after 4pm so that you can avoid the intense sun rays.

This brings us to the next question of - how much sunscreen should I use on my child and in what frequency? Currently The Skin Cancer Foundation has not prescribed any set amount of sunscreen for growing children. As a parent, ensure that you've covered most of the exposed parts and have not ignored places like ears, tops of feet, backs of knees, and hands. Rub the sunscreen at least 30 minutes prior to going out so that the skin has had ample time to absorb the lotion. It is recommended that you reapply every two hours. However, if your child is playing in the water or has a tendency to sweat, then application should be more frequent.

You might have difficulty in deciding on which is the best sunscreen for your child. Cambio and pediatrician Jerome A. Paulson, MD, FAAP, medical director for national and global affairs at the Child Health Advocacy Institute of Children's National Medical Centre in Washington, D.C has recommended, "Choose a sunscreen that contains zinc oxide or titanium dioxide because the compounds are less irritating than others and do not get absorbed into the skin. These ingredients are probably the safest ones out there right now. There is some concern that other sunscreen ingredients, particularly oxybenzone and retinyl palmitate which is form of Vitamin A, may cause harm. However, both chemicals are FDA approved for use in sunscreens." In spite of these efforts, your child may still get sunburned. Do not panic if that happens. Get in touch with your paediatrician especially if your child is below the age of one. If you see blisters, along with severe pain and fever and your child is over one year old, you may try some home remedies like cool baths or a moist compress that may assist in reducing immediate pain, swelling and itching. Until full recovery, ensure that your child does not wander outdoors. For parents, it's easy to think that they know what's best for their child. Especially if they have had multiple children, many people assume that there are easy ways to identify illnesses and that certain symptoms indicate the same problem every time. In fact, there can be a great deal of nuance among the reasons for certain symptoms, which is why if a son or daughter has any of these signs of illness or injury, it's better to err on the side of caution and take them to a pediatrician.

A Fever That Doesn't Break: Especially at a young age, children get fevers relatively often. This can just be a simple sign of fighting off minor sicknesses. The truth is, if a parent took their kid to a pediatrician every time they had a fever, those doctors' offices would constantly be full. The mark of when a fever is more serious, however, comes when the fever won't break from taking a pain reliever, or if it persists for more than one day. In this case, it's better to seek medical attention.

Abdominal Pain: It can be very tricky to identify the reasons for some symptoms, especially when a young one isn't old enough to articulate what's going on. Some abdominal pains can be easily explained by non-harmful causes such as gas or growing pains, but a long-lasting or intense abdominal pain could be the result of an inflamed appendix. If this pain seems to be more intense or more persistent than normal, it's best to have a doctor confirm whether or not it's harmless.

Difficulty Swallowing: Again, it can be hard to know that children of a young age are having difficulty swallowing, especially if it is not accompanied by a sore throat. If a child looks uncomfortable or distressed when swallowing, it can indicate a number of causes that require fairly immediate attention. They could have something lodged in their throat, or even be having an intense allergic reaction to something they have eaten.

Strange Rashes: New parents tend to learn that rashes come with the territory. A young person's skin is more susceptible to irritation, and playing outdoors may result in some harmless redness or irritation. The time to have a pediatrician look at a rash is when the rash is strange or unidentifiable. This could include when it is oddly colored, affects the texture of the skin, or causes a great deal of pain to the child. When Something Just Isn't Right Finally, there is some value to a parent trusting their gut. If a child demonstrates strange behavior, shows an intense discomfort of any kind, or reacts oddly to any routine illness, it's better to be safe than sorry and bring the child to a pediatrician. Even if they aren't exhibiting one of these conditions, it's best to simply let the experts be the one to confirm or deny a child's safety and health.


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